Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa) is a versatile plant that can be grown for its fiber, seed, or oil. Hemp fields were once a common site in Kentucky during the state’s prominence as the leading hemp producer in the U.S. Although commercial hemp production ceased throughout North America in the late 1950s, there is currently renewed interest in growing this crop. While hemp faces significant legal obstacles due to its close relationship to the marijuana plant, there are a number of states, including Kentucky, working toward reviving the hemp industry. Section 7606 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (the federal farm bill) authorized state departments of agriculture in states that have legalized hemp, including Kentucky, to develop pilot programs for industrial hemp research. The Kentucky Department of Agriculture is working with universities around the state to implement pilot programs. Growers interested in participating in pilot programs should complete the application available on the KDA’s website; the URL is listed under Selected Resources at the end of this document.